Increase in number of Australians doing it tough

08 May 2024

Australians are more financially stressed now than they were at any time immediately prior to or during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a new study from 天美传媒 National University (ANU). 


In general, more Australians are finding it difficult to get by on their current income and are experiencing greater housing payment stress.  


Lead author of the report, Professor Nicholas Biddle, said this stress has also likely contributed to a decline in confidence in Government, compared to the peak achieved shortly after the federal election.  


The survey was conducted in January 2024 as part of the ANUpoll series, which has been tracking the views of Australians since 2008. The most recent survey draws on responses from more than 4,000 people across the country. 


鈥淚n January 2024, we estimate that 34.2 per cent of Australians were finding it difficult or very difficult to get by on their current income,鈥 Professor Biddle said. 


鈥淭his is the highest rate we have observed at any time since February 2020, and well above the average over the preceding four years.鈥 


Many also reported taking action in response to this financial pressure, with over 62 per cent saying they spent less on groceries and essential items, and more than 56 per cent postponing major purchases.  


鈥淧erhaps unsurprisingly given this financial strain, there鈥檚 also been a drop in satisfaction with the direction of the country,鈥 Professor Biddle said. 


鈥淚t was down to around 62 per cent, a drop of almost 10 per cent from January 2023 and not much above the low observed during the Black Summer bushfires.


鈥淲e also saw a decline in Australians鈥 satisfaction with their own life. The average was 6.55 on a scale of one to 10, far lower than the numbers we observed in 2019, 2020 and 2023. 


鈥淪tatistically, the latest figures are equivalent to what we saw when a large proportion of the population was in lockdown during the pandemic.鈥 


The survey had a particular focus on Australia鈥檚 views on the housing market. Since April 2017, the per centage of Australians who are falling behind with their loan or rent payments has more than doubled, from 2.2 per cent to 4.8 per cent.  


There鈥檚 also been a 4.8 per cent increase in the share of Australians who find their housing payments a constant struggle, from 18.5 per cent in April 2017 to 23.3 per cent in January 2024. 

鈥淭his payment stress is much higher for those who are renting,鈥 Professor Biddle said. 


鈥淏ut perhaps the most dramatic change in the housing market is the proportion of Australians who think owning one鈥檚 own home is part of the Australian way of life. There was a large decline from April 2017, when 74.9 per cent said it matters a lot, to 65.8 per cent in January 2024.鈥 


The full report is available on the